Vincent van Gogh is considered the greatest Dutch painter after Rembrandt, although he remained poor and virtually unknown throughout his life.Van Gogh was a post-impressionist painter whose work, notable for its beauty, emotion and color, highly influenced 20th century art. The iconic tortured artist, Vincent Van Gogh strove to convey his emotional and spiritual state in each of his artworks. Although he sold only one painting during his lifetime, Van Gogh is now one of the most popular artists of all time. His canvases with densely laden, visible brushstrokes rendered in a bright, opulent palette emphasize Van Gogh’s personal expression brought to life in paint. Each painting provides a direct sense of how the artist viewed each scene, interpreted through his eyes, mind, and heart. This radically idiosyncratic, emotionally evocative style has continued to affect artists and movements throughout the twentieth century and up to the present day, guaranteeing Van Gogh’s importance far into the future.
Van Gogh’s famous painting:
Van Gogh created Starry Night in 1889 just thirteen months before his death when he was staying in an asylum at Saint-Remy. Starry Night is believed to show the view from his bedroom window. Van Gogh was a huge fan of nighttime and his passion for this was depicted in Starry Night and a number of other nocturnal canvases such as Starry Night over the Rhone and Café Terrace at Night. In the Starry Night painting van Gogh’s night sky is brimming with energy and it contrasts with the silent village below. The town he depicts in Starry Night is somewhat invented and the church spire brings to mind his homeland, the Netherlands.Van Gogh includes a cypress tree which is usually found in cemeteries and associated with mourning. This tree serves to connect earth and sky and this could reflect the artist´s own thoughts about death – that death is the destination of life´s journey. With Starry Night Vincent van Gogh moves away from the traditional Impressionist connection with nature and instead adopts a feeling of agitation. His swirling brush strokes give the impression that this painting is constantly moving and his palette is much more vibrant than in earlier works.
Spanish expatriate Pablo Picasso was one of the greatest and most influential artists of the 20th century, as well as the co-creator of Cubism. A Spanish expatriate painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist and stage designer, Picasso was considered radical in his work.The enormous body of Picasso’s work remains, however, and the legend lives on—a tribute to the vitality of the “disquieting” Spaniard with the “sombrepiercing” eyes who superstitiously believed that work would keep him alive. For nearly 80 of his 91 years, Picasso devoted himself to an artistic production that contributed significantly to—and paralleled the entire development of—modern art in the 20th century.
When Picasso visited Horta de Ebro in the summer of 1909, it was his second visit to the village on the Aragon border, having earlier spent seven months there in 1898 with his friend Manuel Pallares. Horto, like Gosol was a quiet mountain village and here Picasso began a series of landscape views. These followed on from the paintings he had produced a gear earlier at La Rue-des-Bois, as well as Braque’s views of L’Estaque, One of the best known of these works, Foctory at Horto de Ebro, again draws heavily from Cezanne both in colour and form. One of the most notable features, however, is the way in which Picasso has happily manipulated the topographical features of the landscape. The chimney that appears in the background is, in fact, nowhere evident in Horta. Rather it represents a chimney used for burning olive waste, situated away from the village, Similarly, Picasso has included palm trees in this work, though no such trees grew in or near the village. Picasso has freely introduced these motives to serve the compositional structure of the work.
Spanish artist and Surrealist icon Salvador Dalí is perhaps best known for his painting of melting clocks, The Persistence of Memory. From an early age, Dalí was encouraged to practice his art and would eventually go on to study at an academy in Madrid. In the 1920s, he went to Paris and began interacting with artists such as Picasso, Magritte and Miró, which led to Dalí’s first Surrealist phase.
Some of his works are:
The Persistence of Memory, showing melting clocks in a landscape setting. The Persistence of Memory is by far Salvador Dali’s most recognizable painting, and there are many references to it in popular culture. Although it was conjectured that the soft melting watches were the result of Dali’s interpretation of the theory of relativity, Dali himself state that their inspiration was camembert cheese melting under the sun. The sequence of melting clocks in a disjointed landscape is the depiction of a dream that Dali had experienced, the figure in the middle of the painting being the face of the dreamer himself. The general interpretation is that the painting, which portrays many melting watches, is a rejection of time as a solid and deterministic influence.
The architectural drawings required an artist to be experienced in his craft and as such most of these commissions came towards the end of the artist’s career, when his reputation and technical knowledge was at it’s highest. Michelangelo was someone who wanted to stamp his own personal touches on each and every project in which he was involved, as his architectural sketches and plans were no different in his regard. On certain projects Michelangelo would take existing designs from other architects and as his own ideas to push them up in terms of originality and technical qualities. One of Michelangelo’s key architectural projects was St. Peter’s Basilica, for which the artist made some key contributions on alongside other famous names of that time.
photo below is the project of St. Peter’s Basilica.
Michelangelo was a sculptor, painter and architect widely considered to be one of the greatest artists of the Italian Renaissance period-and arguably of all time. His work demonstrated a blend of physiological insight, physical realism and intensity never before seen. his contemporaries recognized his extraordinary talent, and Michelangelo received commissions from some of the most wealthy and powerful men of his day, including popes and others affiliated with the Catholic Church. His resulting work, most notably his Pieta and David sculptures and Sistine Chapel ceiling paintings, has been carefully tented and preserved, ensuring that future generations would be able to view and appreciate Michelangelo’s genius.
German-born Max Ernst was a provocateur, a shocking and innovative artist who mined his unconscious for dreamlike imagery that mocked social conventions. A soldier in World War I, Ernst emerged deeply traumatized and highly critical of western culture. These charged sentiments directly fed into his vision of the modern world as irrational, an idea that becamethe basis of his artwork. Ernst’s artistic vision, along with his humor and verve come through strongly in his Dada and Surrealists works; Ernst was a pioneer of both movements. Spending the majority of his life in France, during WWII Ernst was categorized as an “enemy alien”; the United States government affixed the same label when Ernst arrived as a refugee. In later life, in addition to his prolific outpouring of paintings, sculpture, and works-on-paper, Ernst devoted much of his time to playing and studying chess which he revered as an art form. His work with the unconscious, his social commentary, and broad experimentation in both subject and technique remain influential.
I hope learning a little bit about artists will help you with some of your designs though this artist is a surrealist and maybe he can inspire you to think outside the box or be dreamlike imaginary with your designs. After all design is apart of art.