Daniel Libeskind

Daniel Libeskind was born in 1946 in Poland. In 1959 Libeskind and his family moved to New York City, where Libeskind attended Bronx High School of Science and later Cooper Union for architecture. In 1972 Libeskind briefly worked for another architect , Richard Meier. He and his wife Nina Lewis founded Studio Daniel Libeskind in 1989. The Jewish Museum in Berlin was Libeskind’s first major international success. Some other notable works include the Grand Canal Theatre in Dublin, and the Imperial War Museum North in England.

One of his structures includes:


New Lotte Mall


Located in the commercial and retail heart of the South Korean Songdo International Business District (New Songdo City) a 600 hectare waterfront development, Studio Libeskind designed the Lotte Mall to create a 21st-century live-work experience.

The New Lotte Mall is inspired by the aesthetics of Korean efficiency and luxury, with a form that is composed of glass, greenery and steel.  The round entrance and the broad site plan create differentiated areas, allowing for a diversity of light, lines and form. The towers are visible beyond the shopping center’s asymmetric façade, creating a balance between the low and high-rise structures.   The bold architectural lines of the New Lotte Mall serve as a visual guide for visitors, inviting the public to enter.

The New Lotte Mall is comprised of three integrated components that form a hub connecting private and public spaces. The site is adjacent to a central park and two major thoroughfares, and is linked to the subway via the main circulation artery as well as the primary retail corridor.

The massing of the shopping center has been lifted off the street to highlight its great accessibility to the community.  The raised volumes create an interlocking facade of multifaceted glass that anchors the main corners, instilling light throughout the public space.  The curvature of the volumes creates garden segments as well as a large roof deck. Public spaces invite those visiting the Multiplex  and the shopping center to experience quiet green space and a spanning view of the city amidst the curving forms of the Officetel and Hotel towers.

The Officetel towers’ diagonal verticality distinguishes the towers as two separate elements, while the 21-story hotel tower occupying the adjacent corner balances the composition of the site plan, forming a rational and elegant ensemble of buildings.


Le Corbusier

Le Corbusier was born Charles-Edouard Jeanneret-Gris in Switzerland on October 6, 1887. In 1917, he moved to Paris and assumed the pseudonym Le Corbusier. In his architecture, he chiefly built with steel and reinforced concrete and worked with the elemental geometric forms. Le Corbusier’s painting emphasized clear forms and structures, which corresponded to his architecture.

The photo below is one of Le Corbusier’s Structures called “Notre Dame Du Haut”.


Michelangelo’s Architecture

The architectural drawings required an artist to be experienced in his craft and as such most of these commissions came towards the end of the artist’s career, when his reputation and technical knowledge was at it’s highest. Michelangelo was someone who wanted to stamp his own personal touches on each and every project in which he was involved, as his architectural sketches and plans were no different in his regard. On certain projects Michelangelo would take existing designs from other architects and as his own ideas to push them up in terms of originality and technical qualities. One of Michelangelo’s key architectural projects was St. Peter’s Basilica, for which the artist made some key contributions on alongside other famous names of that time.

photo below is the project of St. Peter’s Basilica.


Designing bathrooms

Bathrooms in modern times have evolved from being a place to simply take care of personal hygiene to a room in which to linger and relax. the use of bathing areas for this purpose is not new. The Romans and the Greeks regarded bathing as a social and relaxing pastime. The interior designer has to do research to be able to select the proper basic fixtures (sinks, toilets, bathtubs, and showers). Then there are the special items that may be included such as : multiple sinks, Jacuzzi bathtub, multi-head showers, steam room, sauna, bidet, laundry facility, exercise area, dressing area and a resting area. Homes usually include more than one bathroom. there may be a master bath, family bath, and a half-baths (powder room and mud room). bathrooms designs will vary depending on the size of the family, the number of bedrooms and the needs of each individual.

Photos below will show you the building codes and typical bathroom designs.